PAVMAANAH PUNAATA MAA KRATVE DAKSHAAYA JEEVASE |
ATHO ARISHTA TAATAYE ||
the Lord of 'karma'(actions), 'bala'(strength), 'dirgh-aayu'(long life) and 'kalyaan'(welfare)
make me pure.
This richa implies that if our thoughts, actions and deeds are pure then we are automatically blessed with added benefits like good health, strength, long life and, most importantly, benediction. Therefore we should try to keep ourselves pure and chaste.
SANJAANIDHWAM SAM PRICCHA YADHWAM SAM VO MANAANSI JAANATAAMA |
DEVAA BHAAGAM YATHAA PURVE SANJAANAANA UPAASETE ||
you acquire the 'same' knowledge, have mutual relationships based on equality.
May your minds be enthused with the same 'sanskar'(consecrations). May you
accomplish your duties just as your 'learned ancestors'.
This 'richa' stresses the importance of unity. No institution can function smoothly if there is disunity among its members. Hence, the significance of this richa is self- explanatory.
APAMITYAM PRATITAM YADASMI YAMASYA YENA BALILANAA CHARAAMI |
EDAM TAD AGNE ANRINO BHAVAAMI TVAM PAASHAAN VICHRITAM VETTHA SARVAAN ||
which I could have 'repaid' but my inability to do so has made me a 'debtor'.
The reason for which I did this O Agni!(You are aware of it).May I now be able
to get absolved of my 'debts'!
This particular richa warns that one should repay the loans he has taken as soon as possible. A debtor can never enjoy peace of mind and happiness as long as he is under the burden of debts. Moreover, it is considered a grave sin to die a debtor. We should therefore free ourselves from all debts before death so that our soul could rest in peace.
BHADRAADADHI SHREYAH PREHI BRIHASPATIH PURAETAA TE ASTU |
you be blessed with that benediction which transcends worldly happiness, and may
scholars show you the path !
It is natural for a man to desire worldly joys and pleasures but his ultimate aim should be to attain benediction because only then can he enjoy eternal bliss. Only a wise teacher is capable of leading a man to the path of benediction hence one should always make constant efforts to seek such a Guru, who can lead him to the path of self-realization.
TAAM SAVITAH SATYASAVAAM SUCHITRAABHAA HAM VRINE SUMATI VISHWAARAAM |
YAAMASYA KANVO ADUHAT PRAPINAAM SAHASRA DHARAAM MAHISHO BHAGAAYA||
Lord! I accept that supreme knowledge, which is extraordinary, protector of all
and which leads to the path of truth....... the knowledge which nourishes with
'thousand streams' and which is acquired by capable scholars with great efforts.
It is imperative that one should make sincere efforts to acquire that 'power'(knowledge) which has helped the learned ones to attain supreme status during ancient times. He should engage himself in self study to refine his intelligence and to acquire knowledge. Knowledge helps dormant intelligence to awake and become conscious which automatically brings so many additional advantages.
AKSHYAU NAU MADHU SANKAASHE ANIKAM NAU SAMANJANAM |
ANTAH KRINUSHVA MAAM HRIDI MUN INNAU SAHAASATI ||
our (husband's and wife's) eyes be full of 'love' as sweet as honey! May our
eyes be embellished with collyrium! May I dwell in your heart and let there be
perfect mutual understanding!
This particular richa stresses the importance of mutual love and understanding between married couples for a successful and happy married life.
Just as collyrium (Anjan) keeps the eyes healthy by removing the impurities, in the same manner we should make sincere efforts to purify our 'inner - vision' with the help of 'right- knowledge'.
BODHASHCHA TVAA PRATIBODHASHCHA RAKSHATAAMA SWAPNASHCHA TVAANA VADRAANASHCHA
GOPAA YANSHCHA TVAA JAGRIVISHCHA RAKSHATAAMA ||
you be protected by 'Gyan' (knowledge) and 'Vigyan' (specialised knowledge)! May
the one who is 'always awake', 'omnipresent' and the 'supreme protector' protect
After having acquired 'knowledge' one should bring it into practice. Constant practice will help him in mastering it and acquiring specialised knowledge by learning from his mistakes and eliminating any flaw that might exist. Pseudo-knowledge that creates nothing except 'illusions' is a deception and extremely harmful. On the contrary, 'true-knowledge' brings good health, strength and long life to a man. Therefore, we should continue making efforts by making best use of the above mentioned qualities-'gyan', ' vigyan' , fearlessness and alertness.
AA RABHASVE MAAM AMRITASYA SHNUSHTIM ACHCHHIDYA MAANAA JARADASHTIRASTU TE |
ASUNTA AAYUH PUNARAA BHADAAMI RAJASTAMON MOPA GAA MAA PRA MESHTHAAH ||
consuming this 'elixir of life'(medicinal herbs) so that you enjoy good health
until old age. I fill you up with it so that your 'life' and 'vital-force'(prana)
are revitalised. May you keep away from 'ignorance' and excessive indulgence in
sensual pleasures......and may you remain untouched by death.
Here the richa is exhorting us to drink the elixir of life so that we become healthy and enjoy a long life. Those, who get attracted by ignorance and superficial worldly pleasures meet their ends early. In order to be blessed with a long life it is imperative that we become strong both mentally and physically. We should do all that makes our mind and body healthy and energetic.
AA JIHVAAYAA MOORADEVAANTAA BHASVA KRAVYAADO VRISHTVAAPI DHATSVAASAN |
the 'fools' with the help of your 'tongue of fire' and devour all the meat
consuming violent people.
This particular richa is of the view that ignorant people should be reformed and advised to quit their bad habits. One should not mind even using harsh language occasionally if it helps in serving the purpose.
SUVIGYAANAM CHIKITESHU JANAAYA SACCHASACCH VACHASI PASPRIDHAATE|
TYORYAT SATYAM YATARAHA JIYASTADIT SOMOWATI HANTYAASAT||
who is endowed with 'true-knowledge' is blessed with requisite wisdom necessary
to differentiate between 'Satya' (truth) and 'Asatya' (untruth). This
discriminatory intelligence is something without which we cannot differentiate
between good and evil. While saying this one has to keep in mind the fact that
there is continuous tug-of-war going on between truth and untruth and hence one
can easily understand how difficult this task is. Somdev protects all that is
truthful and destroys all that is untruthful.
God protects all that is pure and truthful and destroys whatever is impure and untruthful. It is a well established fact that ultimately truth prevails.
ULUKAYAATUM SHUSHULUKA YAATUM JAHI SHWAYAATUMUT KOKAYAATUM|
SUPARNA YAATUMUT GRIDHRA YAATUM VRISHADEVA PRE MRINA RAKSHA INDRA||
Indra, destroy all those lustful people behaving like birds.... angry ones
behaving like wolves.... greedy ones behaving like vultures.... enticed ones
like owls..... arrogant ones like eagles and jealous ones behaving like dogs.
This particular richa exhorts us to destroy all those who are lustful, angry, greedy, enticed, proud and jealous.
We should strictly keep away from such people otherwise it will prove detrimental for our own spiritual growth.
INDRAM MITRAM VARUNAM AGNIM AAHURATHO DIVYAH SA SUPARNO GARUTMAAN! EKAM SAD
VIPRAA BAHUDHAA VADANTYAGNIM YAMAM MAATARISHWAAN MAAHUH |
is 'one' but the learned ones explain it in different ways according to their
individual experiences. That same truth is known by various names such as Indra,
Mitra, Varuna, Agni, Divya, Suvarna, Garutbhaan, Yama and Matarishwa.
This richa is self-explanatory. 'Truth' is one but learned people describe it in different ways to common people according to the needs of the time, place and environment. Unfortunately, we do not understand this simple fact and keep fighting in the name of religion. He, who treads on the path of truth is always victorious.
BRAHMA ABHYAAVARTE |
TANME DRAVINAM YACHCHATU TANME BRAAHMAN VARCHASAM ||
am led by my knowledge. May He bless me with 'wealth' and radiance of knowledge.
One, who acquires the right-knowledge and then engages himself in good deeds, derives benefit in two ways, intellectually as well as economically. Knowledge is like the first step of the 'staircase of virtousity' on which one has no option but to keep his first step on his way up to wealth, prosperity and ultimately freedom from the cycle of births and deaths.
TIRYAK BALISHCHA MASA URDHVA BUDHNA STASMIN YASHO NIHITAM VISHWARUPAM |
TADAASAT RISHAYAH SAPTA SAAKAM YE ASYA GOPAA MAHTO BABHUVUH ||
head is like a slanted 'pot' kept in an inverted position containing
'multi-dimensional fame', therein dwell the 'Sapt-Rishis', who protect this
This beautiful richa praises the glory of man's 'head' i.e. intelligence as all his abilities lie there. If something goes wrong with it, the entire personality of a man gets affected. For example an insane man is never conscious of his activities. This amazing pot kept in an inverted position also is the dwelling place of the seven sages i.e. 2 eyes, 2 ears, 1 nose and 1 mouth. These sense organs have been beautifully compared with the sages which means that if we have them in control then we can attain great heights in our life.
ANANTAM VITATAM PURUTRA ANANTA BHANTA VACHCHAA SAMANTE |
TE NAAKPAALASH CHARATI VICHIN VANVI DWAANBHUTAMUTA BHAVYAMASTA ||
'infinity' is spread all over!! “Infinity'
and the 'boundless one' (God) both meet at a point. The learned ones tries to
unravel the mysteries of past and then with the help of his inferences thus
gathered makes the best use of his present and acts in a way that his future is
This beautiful richa alludes to the limitless-nature and the omnipresent-God are indistinguishable from each other. The almighty God reveals his presence through Nature or in other words it can also be said that Nature is the 'visible' part of God and in the same manner vice versa is also true....both are inseparable...each being the extension of the other. There is no distinction between the two and one is absorbed in the other. Scholars, learning from their mistakes of the past, plan their present and future accordingly and enjoy success, peace and prosperity.