CLASSIFICATIONS OF YOGA
Describing about the various types of Yoga, Sutji told the sages that there were
three types of Yoga - Gyan Yoga, Kriya Yoga and Bhakti Yoga. "Each of them
is capable of giving salvation to a man. When the mind or intellect unites with
the soul it is called Gyan Yoga. When the soul gets attached with external
objects, it is called Kriya yoga. The unification of one's whole being with
goddess Bhagawati is called Bhakti Yoga. All these three yogas combinedly are
capable of giving salvation to a man. A man becomes a devotee by his actions or
Karmas. Devotion or Bhakti helps a man to attain Gyan or knowledge. Gyan or
Knowledge gives salvation. Yoga is the path through which a man can attain
liberation whereas Kriya-yoga is the chief means to attain it.
OF A SANYASI
A Sanyasi should wake up early in the morning. After getting up he should
remember his preceptor or Guru and then he should pray to express his gratitude
towards his Guru.
After that he should practice Pranayama and try to concentrate his mind on the
six chakras present in his bodies.
After the completion of Pranayama and concentration on the six chakras he should
finish his daily routines. After applying 'ashes' on his body he should chant
the sacred mantras and perform 'tarpana'. Subsequently he should perform
Aachaman and then practice Pranayama for three times. After that he should
remember the sages or rishis. While going to do worship, he should maintain
silence all along the way. He should do worship only after washing his feet and
OF SHIVA WORSHIP
A Sanyasi should paste the ground with cow dung and construct a quadrangular 'Mandap'.
He should then keep a broad leaf of Palm tree at its centre. He should then
fence the area with coloured threads from all the four directions. After that he
should draw a eight petalled flower in the centre of the Mandap, upon which he
should draw a Shiva Yantra. At last he can commence his worship of the Sun god.
GREATNESS OF PRANAY MANTRA
Sage Vamadev was a great devotee of lord Shiva from his birth. He never used to
remain at a place for long. One day he had gone to a mountain peak named Kumar,
which was situated towards the south of Sumeru Mountain. He met Kartikeya who
revealed to him that Pranam Mantra directly signifies the almighty God.
Kartikeya also told him that with the help of that mantra a person can attain
lord Shiva - who liberates from all the bondage of life.
Though, Vamadeva himself knew about the power of Pranav mantra yet he requested
Kartikeya to shed some more light on it. Kartikeya told him that any one could
have the proximity of lord Shiva, by the help of the means prescribed in the
Shrutis and the Samritis.
Regarding the methods of Shiva's worship, Kartikeya told Vamadeva that though
Sadashiva was one, yet he was known by various names like Maheshwar, Rudra,
Brahma and Vishnu. Mahesh was created from the thousandth part of Sadashiva. The
goddess of all illusions - Bhagawati dwells in the left side of Sadashiva,
therefore he is the lord of all the actions of the universe. Sadashiva plays his
desire acts by indulging in creation, nurturement and annihilation of this
OF A SANYASI
Vamadeva requested Kartikeya to enlighten his
mind with that knowledge, without which a Sanyasi can never attain liberation.
Kartikeya then told him about the methods how a Sanyasi should get initiation
from his guru. A disciple should worship his guru in any of the following months
- Shravan, Ashwin, Kartik, Agahan and Magh. He should then establish a Kalash
and worship it. He should again worship his guru considering him as the form of
The guru should then initiate him with the Shiva mantra. After getting the
Mantra, the disciple should chant it considering himself as Shiva-Shivoaham.
After this the disciple should get his head tonsured. The barber who is supposed
to shave off the hairs should be given pure clothes to wear. The barber should
also wash his hands with mud and water. The instruments and apparatus, which he
is supposed to use, should be made pure by the 'Astra' mantras.
First of all the front portion of the head should be shaved off after that the
back portion of the head should be shaved off. The disciple should then get his
beards and moustache shaved off. After this the disciple should massage his body
with mud and take bath by taking twelve dips in a pond. After taking his bath he
should worship his Guru and meditate on lord Shiva.
RITES OF AN ASCETIC (SANYASI)
Kartikey told Sage Vamadev that an ascetic does
not die but takes a Samadhi, therefore instead of being cremated he is buried.
Therefore an ascetic must practice the art of Samadhi to perfection. If he has
not yet perfected the art of Samadhi, then he should keep on practicing yoga
till he attains mastery over the art of Samadhi. He should try to concentrate
his mind on the Omkar mantra, which is eternal. If his body has become weak and
feeble and incapable of doing physical exercises like Pranayama then he should
indulge himself in Shiva remembrance. This way an ascetic can attain to heaven.
After his death the rest of the ascetics should perform the rituals at his place
of death for ten days.
An alter should be constructed on the eleventh day. Five quadrangular mandals
should be made facing towards the northern direction. In each of these mandas,
deities like Deveshwari, Atiwahak etc. should be established first and then
worshipped. The worship should be done as per the instruction of Guru by
offering 'Prasada'. This Prasada should be, given to a virgin girl or cow, later
on. The articles used in the process of worship should be immersed in the river
or pond. In this way, the Parvan shraddh ceremony of the deceased ascetic is
accomplished. It is worth nothing that 'Ekodishta' Shraddh is not performed
after an ascetic death.
After the completion of 'Parvan Shraddh' the ascetic should perform the
Ekadashah Shraddh as per the instructions of their Guru. On the twelfth day, the
ascetics should invite the brahmins, after getting up in the morning and taking
their bath. These brahmins should be feeded.
The ascetics should then take a vow to worship their Guru by holding a 'Kusha'
grass in their hands. After that, they should wash the lotus feets of their Guru
and worship him. Even the worship of Guru's teacher should be done.
After the worship is over, the Guru should get up by saying 'Shubhamastu'-
benediction to all. He should then sprinkle the purified rice by chanting
mantras. At last donations should be made to the invited brahmins.