The sages requested Sutji to
describe about the different incarnations of Lord Shiva. Sutji told them that,
although Lord Shiva took many incarnations but five of his incarnations were
very important- Sadhojat Namadeva, Tatpurush, Aghoresh and Ishan.
Lord Shiva took his first incarnation from the
physique incarnation from the physique of Lord Brahma, who was engrossed in his
deep state of meditation, during the nineteenth Kalpa named Shweta Lohit. Lord
Brahma gave him the name SADHOJAT and eulogized him.
Later on, from the physique of Sadhojat four of his disciple manifested, whose
names were Sunand, Nandan, Vishwanandan and Upanandan. All the four disciples
were of fair complexion. Lord Shiva blessed Brahma and empowered him to do
During the twentieth Kalpa named 'Rakta' the
complexion of lord Brahma turned red, while he was engrossed in his meditative
state. From his body manifested an entity who also was of red complexion.
Lord Brahma named him Namadeva considering him to be the incarnation of lord
Shiva and eulogized him. Later on four sons were born to Namadeva, whose names
were Viraj, Viwah, Vishok and Vishwabhawan. All of them were of red complexion
just like their father Namadeva.
Naamdeva Shiva alongwith his virtuous progenies blessed lord Brahma with the
power of creation.
The twenty-first Kalpa on the earth was known
as 'Peetavasa'. It was named so because of the apparel of lord Brahma which were
of yellow colours. Lord Brahma's prayer resulted into the manifestation of a
effulgent entity. Considering this entity as Lord Shiva, Lord Brahma started
chanting the mantras of Shiva Gayatri. After the chantings of the mantras,
numerous entities manifested who had put on apparels of yellow colour on their
body. This way the third incarnation of Shiva popularly known as Tatpurush
After the Peetavasa Kalp came the Shiva Kalpa.
A black complexioned manifested while Lord Brahma was engrossed in his deep
meditative state. Lord Brahma considering this entity as Aghor Shiva started
eulogizing him. Lord Brahma's eulogization resulted into the manifestation of
four more entities who had the same black complexion as that of 'Aghor Shiva'.
Their names were Krishna, Krishnashikha, Krishnamukha and Krishnakanthdhari.
Ghor Shiva along with those four entities blessed lord Brahma with the power of
During the Kalpa named Vishwaroop, manifestations
of Saraswati and Ishan Shiva took place. Lord Brahma eulogized Ishan Shiva after
which four divine entities named Jati, Mundi, Shikhandi and Ardhamundi
manifested from Ishan Shiva. All of them blessed lord Brahma with the power of
IDOLS OF SHIVA
After describing about the five chief
incarnations of lord Shiva, Sutji explained about the eight famous idols of lord
Shiva- Sharva, Bhava, Rudra, Ugra, Bheema, Pashupati, Ishan and Mahadeva. These
eight idols of Shiva symbolizes the eight natural elements which help in the
process of creation, nurturement and annihilation. These eight natural elements
are Land, water, fire, air, sky, supreme soul (Kshetragya), Sun and the moon.
Being established in these eight idols, Shiva controls the whole world.
Once upon a time Lord Brahma, not seeing an
expansion in his creation became very worried. A heavenly voice instructed him
to commence creation with the help of copulative activities. But since all the
incarnation of Shiva had been males till then, therefore lord Brahma was finding
Lord Brahma contemplated on the form of Shiva and Shakti. Lord Shiva became very
pleased with him and appeared in his form of 'Ardhanarishwar (half male half
female). Left side of his body resembled like a woman while the right side
appeared like a man. Lord Brahma worshipped this form of Shiva.
Lord Shiva then separated the feminine part of his body and thus manifested
mother Shakti. Lord Brahma worshipped her and requested to bestow such power by
which he could create a woman.
Goddess Shakti blessed him by saying – 'So be it' and vanished. This way Lord
Brahma became capable of commencing copulative creation.
INCARNATION OF VYAS AND LORD SHIVA
During the 'Varah' Kalpa of the Seventh 'Manvantar'
lord Vishnu illuminated all the three world by his divine presence. This seventh
Manvantara consisted of four yugas which repeated themselves in a cyclic way for
The first dwapar of this seventh manvantar saw the manifestation of lord Shiva
for the welfare of the brahmins. When Kaliyuga arrived Lord Shiva again
manifested himself along with goddess Shakti and was known as Mahamuni Shweta.
Lord Brahma had the priviledge of becoming his disciple.
During the second dwapar, sage Vyas existed as Satya, Prajapati and Lord Shiva
became famous as 'Sutar'. Lord Shiva in his incarnation of Sutra had many
disciples among whom 'Dundubhi' was very famous.
During the third dwapar sage Vyas took his incarnation as Bhargava and lord
Shiva became famous as Daman. Lord Shiva in his incarnation as Daman had four
disciples among whom Vishoka was very famous. When Kaliyuga arrived after this
third dwapar. Lord Shiva along with his Disciples helped Sage Vyas.
During the fourth Dwapar Sage Vyas took his incarnation as Angira and Lord Shiva
as 'Suhotra'. Even in this incarnation Lord Shiva had four disciples among whom
Sumukh was very famous. Lord Shiva along with his disciples helped Angira.
During the fifth dwapar sage Vyas took incarnation as Savita and Lord Shiva as 'Kanka'
who was very famous for his tremendous austerities. Kanka had four disciples
among whom Sanak was very famous.
During the sixth dwapar sage Vyas took incarnation as Mrityu and Lord Shiva as 'Lokakshi'.
Lokakshi had four disciples among whom Sudhama was very prominent.
During the seventh dwapar sage Vyas manifested himself as Indra and Lord Shiva
as Jaigisatya. Jaigisatya had four disciples among whom Saraswat was very
During the eighth dwapar sage Vyas took incarnation as Vashishth and Lord Shiva
as Dadhivahan. Dadhivahan had four disciples among whom Kapil was very famous.
During the nineth dwapar sage Vyas took incarnation as Saraswat and Lord Shiva
as 'Rishabh'. Lord Shiva in his incarnation as Rishabhdeva had four disciples
among whom Parashar was very famous.
While describing about the incarnation of
Nandikeshwar Sutji says-
Sage Shilad did a tremendous penance to please lord Shiva with an aspiration to
have a son. Lord Shiva appeared before him and asked him to demand any boon he
Sage Shilad expressed his desire of having a son who is not born from a physical
body and who is proficient in all the sriptural knowledges. Lord Shiva blessed
him by saying – 'So be it'.
Sage Shilad then returned to his hermitage and performed a 'Yagya'. From the
yagya-kunda appeared a child who possessed four arms and three eyes. Sage Shilad
was very pleased to see that child. The birth of the child was celebrated with
great fanfare. Lord Shiva and Parvati arrived to bless the child.
The child was named Nandi as his birth had given immense joy (anand) to sage
Shilad. Later on Nandi lived with his father like any other normal child and was
brought up with great love and care. He became proficient in all the scriptures
within seven years.
Being inspired by lord Shiva, two brahmins came to sage Shilad and informed him
that after one year Nandi would be no more. Sage Shilad became extremely sad.
Seeing his father in his sorrowful mood, Nandi consoled him and later on went to
do penance. His tremendous penance pleased Lord Shiva and Parvati and both of
them appeared before him. Lord Shiva blessed him and said- “You are just like
me, so you will never die”.
Lord Shiva also gave one of his garlands to him. As soon as Nandi wore that
garland he imbibed all the qualities of lord Shiva. After that Lord Shiva took
out some water from his locks of hair and sprinkled on him, as a result of which
five rivers came into existence. These five rivers were later on came to be
known as Panchanad. Lord Shiva then made him the leader of all his ganas.
Later on goddess Parvati took Nandi under her guidance and considered him just
like her own son. Nandi was married to Suyasha- the daughter of Marut.
Ultimately all of them accompanied lord Shiva to his abode.
GETS LIBERATED FROM HIS SIN
Bhairav who was created by lord Shiva from his
third eye, had severed one of the five heads of Lord Brahma on the instruction
of lord Shiva. Now Brahmaji was left with only four heads.
Carrying the skull of Brahma in his hand, Bhairava started wandering in all the
three worlds. To atone his sin of severing the head of lord Brahma, he was
Bhairav reached Vishnuloka where he was welcomed warm heartedly by lord Vishnu
and Laxmi. Goddess Laxmi dropped the learning (Vidya) named Manorath (by which
all the wishes could be fulfilled) in the begging bowl (Skull) of Bhariav.
Bhairav became extremely happy by this gift. Lord Shiva had created a oegrass
named 'Brahmahatya' and had instructed Bhairav to reach Kashi, before her.
According to lord Shiva this way the sin committed by Bhairav could successfully
After being blessed by goddess Laxmi, Bhairav took the permission of Lord Vishnu
and proceeded towards Kashi. After his departure asked Brahmahatya to stop
chasing Bhairav. But she refused saying that she was just following the
instruction of Lord Shiva.
When Bhairav reached Kashi, Brahmahatya too came near the outskirts of the city,
but could not enter it because of Lord Shiva's power instead she entered in to
the netherworld (Patal loka). As soon as Bhairav had entered Kashi. The
begging-bowl (skull) fell on the ground and thus Bhairav got liberated from his
sins. Bhairav was extremely relieved. The place where the skull of Brahma had
fallen, later on became as Kapal mochan- the most sacred place of pilgrimage.
TAKES INCARNATION AS SHARABH
While describing about the incarnation of
Sharabh Sutji told sages-
“When Vishnuji took his incarnation of Nrisimha to kill the demon king
–Hiranyakashipu, his anger could not be subdued even after the killing of
Hiranyakashipu. His anger had frightened all the three worlds. Lord Brahma sent
Prahalada to Nrisimha so that his anger gets cool down. Prahalada prayed to
Nrisimha. Nrisimha took him in his embrace but still his anger was not
“All the deities went to lord Shiva and requested to him to cool down Vishnu's
anger. Lord Shiva then sent Bhairav and Veerbhadra to Nrisimha. When Veerbhadra
politely requested Nrisimha to cool down, he (Nrisimha) tried to pounce on him
(Veerbhadra). Right then Lord Shiva appeared in his most devastating form. He
was looking frightening in his giant form and with thousands of hand. His
appearance was resembling a huge cannibal bird. Lord Shiva injured Nrisimha with
his giant wings and after carrying Lord Vishnu in his giant wings and after
carrying lord Vishnu in his arms he flew in the sky. Lord Vishnu was so
frightened that he became unconscious.”
“After regarding his consciousness Lord Nrisimha appeared in his form of Lord
Vishnu and eulogized Shiva, which made lord Shiva very pleased. Lord Shiva wore
the head of Nrisimha with the garland of skull in his neck. The remaining body
was carried by Veerbhadra and abandoned at a mountain.”
RECEIVES BOON FROM SHIVA
Once upon a time, there used to live a brahmin
named Vishwanar who was a great devotee of lord Shiva. Shuchismati was his wife
who was a devout wife. Being pleased by her sense of dutifulness, Vishwanar
tried to reward his wife.
Shuchismati expressed her desire of having a son just like lord Shiva. Vishwanar
went to Kashi to please Lord Shiva by his penance. He worshipped Vishveshwar
linga with supreme devotion.
Lord Shiva became very pleased by his devotion and he appeared before Vishwanar
from the Shivalinga. When Vishwanar expressed his desire, lord Shiva agreed to
take birth as his Son. Vishwanar came back to his house happily.
INCARNATION AS GRIHAPATI
In due course of time, Shuchismati became pregnant and gave birth to a beautiful
child. The whole family celebrated the birth of the child. The whole family
celebrated the birth of the child. The name giving ceremony of that child was
attended by all the deities and sages including lord Shiva and Parvati.
Lord Brahma named the child as Grihapati. When Grihapati attained the age of
five, his sacred thread ceremony was performed. Within a year he became
proficient in all the Vedas and other sacred texts.
When Grihapati attained the age of nine, Narada came and informed Vishwanar that
death of Grihapati was imminent because of the evil effects of the planetary
combinations. Vishwanar and Shuchismati were saddened and started crying.
Grihapati then consoled his parents and proceeded towards Kashi to do penance so
that the 'death' could be conqured.
Grihapati commenced his penance at Kashi. The
deity Indra arrived there and requested him to demand anything he wished but
Grihapati refused. Indra became furious and tried to attack him with his
weapon-Vajra. Grihapati was very terrified.
Right then Lord Shiva appeared and Indra had to retreat from the scene. Lord
Shiva blessed Grihapati by saying – “What to say about this lightning –
Vajra, even Kaalvajra would not be able to kill you.”
Grihapati became very pleased. The Shivalinga which he worshipped, later on
became famous as 'Agnishwar linga. Lord Shiva made Grihapati the lord of all the
SHIVA'S INCARNTION AS YAKSHESHWAR
During the time when ocean was being churned
first of all poison appeared from it. The deities were very terrified to see the
tremendous heat it generated. They went to lord Shiva and requested to protect
them from the heat of that poison. Lord Shiva drank all the poison but did not
let it pass down his throat.
After the poison, Nectar appeared from the ocean, which was drunk by the
deities. The demons too wanted to drink the nectar, so a tremendous battle
ensued between them and the deities. The deities became victorious in this
battle because they had become immortal due to the effect of the Nectar. This
victory made the deities very arrogant.
Lord Shiva was very concerned about their arrogant nature. He went to them in
the guise of a Yaksha. He asked as to what was it that had made them so
arrogant. The deities replied that their arrogance stemmed from victory over the
demons. Lord Shiva who was disguised as Yaksha replied- “Your pride is based
on false notion, because you did not achieve victory due to somebody's grace and
The deities disagreed with him. Lord Shiva then asked them to cut the grass if
they considered themselves so mighty. He then kept a grass leaf in front of
them. Each of the deities tried to cut that grass with their respective weapons
but remained unsuccessful in their attempts. They were all amazed. Suddenly a
heavenly voice was heard which said that the Yaksha was none other than Lord
Shiva himself. The deities realized their mistakes. The apologized to lord
Shiva. After vanquishing the false pride of the deities lord Shiva disappeared.
GREAT INCARNATION OF SHIVA (DASH AVATAR) & TEN INCARNATION OF SHAKTI (DASH
Describing about the ten incarnations and their
corresponding power (Shakti), Sutji said-
The first incarnation of lord Shiva was as Mahakal and his Shakti was called
Mahakali. Lord Shiva took his second incarnation as Tar and his Shakti was
called 'Tara'. The third incarnation of Lord Shiva was as Bhuvaneshwar and his
Shakti was called 'Bhuvaneshwari'. Lord Shiva took his fourth incarnation as 'Shodash'
who was also known as 'Srividdyesh' and his Shakti was called 'Shodashi' or
Lord Shiva took his fifth incarnation as Bhairav and his Shakti was called 'Bhairavi'.
The sixth incarnation of Lord Shiva is famous as 'Chhinamastak' and his Shakti
by the name of 'Chhinamasta. Lord Shiva took his seventh incarnation as 'Dhoomvan'
and his Shakti was known as 'Dhoomvati. The eighth incarnation was as Baglamukh
and his Shakti as Baglamukhi.
The nineth incarnation of lord Shiva became famous as Matang and his Shakti as 'Matangi'.
Lord Shiva took his tenth incarnation as 'Kamal' and his Shakti as Kamala. If
these ten incarnation of Shiva are worshipped along with his ten Mahavidyas then
a man attains salvation.
ORIGIN OF ELEVEN RUDRAS
Once, the deities went to sage Kashyap after
being tormented by the demons. They complained to him about the misdeeds of the
demons, who also happened to be their step brothers. Sage Kashyap became
extremely furious, when he heard about the misdeeds of his sons – the demons.
To protect the deities from his sons, he commenced a penance to please lord
Lord Shiva became very pleased by his penance and appeared before him. He asked
Kashyap to demand anything he wished. Kashyap then requested Lord Shiva to take
birth as his son and destroy the demons. Lord Shiva blessed him and said – 'So
Lord Shiva, later on took birth as eleven Rudras from the womb of his wife
Surabhi. The name of these eleven rudras were as follows:-
1) Kapali, 2) Pingal, 3) Bheem, 4) Virupaksha,
5) Vilohit, 6) Shastra, 7) Ajapaad, 8) Ahirbudhnya, 9) Shambhu, 10) Chand and
These eleven Rudras fought battles with the
demons and killed them. The deities were relieved after the death of the demons.
They worshipped these eleven rudras to express their gratitude and indebtedness.
INCARNATION AS 'DURVASA'
Describing about the Lord Shiva's incarnation
as Durvasa, Sutji told the deities:- “once Atri – the manasputra of lord
Brahma went to do penance at the bank of the river Nivindhya which flew by the
foothills of Trayakshakul mountain as per the instructions of Lord Brahma
himself. He commenced doing a tremendous penance. The effects of his penance was
such that devastating flames of fire manifested from his head. The fire spread
in all the three world in no time. The deities were terrified by the death and
destruction caused by the fire in all the three worlds. They went to lord Brahma
to seek his help. Lord Brahma took them to lord Vishnu and revealed to him about
the destruction caused by the fire. All of them went to lord Shiva and told him
Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva went to Atri and blessed him. Atri
recognized them. He eulogized them. Later on Atri's wife- Anusuya gave birth to
three sons, who in fact were the incarnations of Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and
Lord Shiva. Lord Brahma incarnation as the Moon, Lord Vishnu as Dutt and Shiva
took incarnation as Durvasa.
Durvasa had tested the religiousness and virtuosity of numerous people. He had
also tested the religiousness of king Ambareesh, who ruled over 'Saptadweepa'.
Once king Ambareesh had observed a fast on 'Ekadashi'. Next day, when he was
about to break his fast sage Durvasa arrived accompanied by his large number of
Durvasa was very furious with king Ambareesh. He said-
“You had invited me for this particular, but you have also insulted me by
breaking the fast by drinking water in my absence.”
Sage Durvasa would have burnt king Ambareesh to ashes by his curse, had not
Sudarshan-the weapon of Vishnu came to his rescue. Sudarshan then tried to burn
sage Durvasa when suddenly a heavenly voice was heard from the sky which said-
“Durvasa is no one but the incarnation of lord Shiva himself.” Hearing this
Sudarshan's anger was pacified. King Ambareesh then begged his forgiveness from
Lord Shiva was so infatuated by the appearance
of lord Vishnu in his form of Mohini roopa that his semen was released on the
ground. This semen was established by the Saptarishis in the womb of Anjani,
with the permission of lord Shiva himself.
In this way was born the mighty Hanuman. Once, during his childhood Hanuman had
swallowed the Sun, which he released only after the deities prayed to him. The
sun accepted him as his disciple and made him proficient in all the learning's.
He started living with Sugreeva as per the instructions of his teacher – the
During the time of Sri Ram's exile, Sugreeva developed friendship with him with
the help of Hanuman. Hanuman helped Sri Ram in finding the whereabouts of Sita,
who had been abducted by the demon king-Ravana. He took a giant leap and jumped
across the ocean. He went to Ashok-Vatika where Ravana had kept Sita. He gave
Sri Ram's ring to her and consoled her by saying that very soon Sri Ram was
going to arrive and release her from Ravana's captivity. He also burnt the whole
Lanka by his burning tail and returned to Sri Ram to give him Sita's news while
the battle was fought between Sri Ram and Ravana Laxmana got seriously injured
and became unconscious. Hanuman saves his life by bringing the whole of
mountain, upon which the herb Sanjivani grew.
Being present at the service of Sri Ram, Hanuman performed his duties
marvelously. Worship of Hanuman helps a man to become free from all kinds of
problems, diseases and hurdles etc.
INCARNATION AS MAHESH
Once, Bhairav who was entrusted with the job of
a doorkeeper became so infatuated with Parvati's beauty that he tried to prevent
her from going outside.
Parvati became furious and cursed him to be born as a mortal man on the earth.
Bhairav became very sad but now the damage had been already done. Bhairav later
on appeared in the form of a man named 'Vetal'.
Vetal prayed to lord Shiva who took his incarnation as Mahesh and goddess
Parvati as Girija.
VISHNU CREATES TURBULENCES
After the churning of the ocean had been
accomplished, numerous things had emerged out from the ocean. Jewels, Moon,
Laxmi, Poison, Uchchaishrava horse, Eravat elephant, Vessel containing Nectar
were some of the things which emerged out from the ocean after the churning.
A tremendous battle was fought between the deities and the demons to have
control over the vessel containing Nectar. The demons had snatched that vessel
from the deities.
By the divine inspiration of lord Shiva, Vishnu appeared in the form of Mohini
– the enchanting beauty. He successfully recovered that vessel from the
control of the demons.
To distract the attention of the demons from the nectar, lord Vishnu created
numerous enchanting beauties. When the demons saw them, they forcibly carried
these enchanting beauties to their abode –the Nether world. After that they
again returned to take control of the Nectar.
By that time, Vishnu had made the deities drink all the nectar. When the demons
came to know about this, they became very furious and attacked the deities. A
tremendous battle ensured between both the sides. Ultimately the demons got
defeated. To save their lives the demon ran towards their abode. Lord Vishnu
chased the demons and entered the Netherland. He killed all the demons.
Lord Vishnu then saw those enchanting beauties who had been abducted by the
demons. Ironically, lord Vishnu got infatuated by their beauty- who were his own
creation. Lord Vishnu remained there for a long time.
INCARNATION AS VRISHABH
During his stay in the Netherland, many sons
were born to Lord Vishnu, who were very wicked and cruel. These sons of lord
Vishnu started tormenting the inhabitants of all the three world.
All the deities and the sages went to lord Shiva to take his help. They
requested him to kill the cruel sons of Vishnu and reestablish him (lord Vishnu)
in his own abode, which he had abandoned for the Nether world.
Lord Shiva went to the Netherworld in the form of a Ox (Vrishabh). He killed all
the sons of lord Vishnu with his sharp horns. Seeing the death of his sons, lord
Vishnu came forward to fight him. He attacked lord Shiva with his various
weapons, but lord Shiva remained harmless. Ultimately lord Vishnu was able to
recognise him. He eulogized lord Shiva.
Lord Shiva then requested him to return back to Vishnuloka, he accepted. Lord
Vishnu left his 'Sudarshan chakra' in the Netherworld and went to his own abode,
where lord Shiva presented him a new Sudarshan chakra.
Once, when the deities were
defeated by vrittrasur, they went to lord Brahma after hiding their weapons in
the hermitage of sage Dadhichi. They requested lord Brahma to reveal about the
means, how vrittrasur could be killed.
Lord Brahma advised the deities to male a weapon named Vajra from the bones of
sages Dadhichi, as Dadhichi's bones were even harder than the Vajra of Indra by
the blessings of lord Shiva.
All the deities then went to the hermitage of Dadhichi in the leadership of
Vrihaspati. On being enquired about the purpose of their visit, Indra said that
he wanted his bones so that a weapon could be made out of it.
Dadhichi Gave up his life by his yogic power. Indra then instructed Kamdhenu to
extract the bones from the dead body of Dadhichi. The bones were on given to 'Twashta'
to construct the weapon-Vajra. Twashta took the weapons to Vishwakarma who at
last constructed the Vajra.
Indra killed Vrittrasur with this weapon. When Suvarcha – the wife of Dadhichi
came to know about the cunning deeds of the deities, she cursed them to became
INCARNATION AS YATINATH
There used to live a bheel named Aahuk o the Arbudachal mountain. His wife was
Aahuka. Both of them were supreme devotee of lord Shiva.
Once, lord Shiva wanting to test their devotion, appeared before them disguised
a hermit. Aahuk honoured his guest and treated him very well. Lord Shiva then
requested him to give shelter for the whole night. Aahuk expressed his inability
as he had a very small hut, in which only two people could be accommodate at a
But his wife intervened and requested Aahuk to sleep outside the hut with his
arms, as it would be inappropriate on their part to miss this chance of proving
The hermit, who in reality was lord Shiva slept with Aahuk's wife inside the
hut, while Aahuk himself slept outside the hut. Unfortunately Aahuk was killed
by a wild animal while he was asleep.
In the morning when lord Shiva found that Aahuk had died, his heart was filled
with grief. But Aahuka consoled him by saying that she was proud of her husband
as he had given up his life for a noble cause. Naturally she was very much
saddened by her husband's death so she decided to give up her life by jumping
into the burning pyre.
Right then lord Shiva appeared in his real form and blessed her by saying-
“In his next birth your husband would take birth in a royal family. He would
become famous as Nala and you would be born as Damayanti to king Bheema of
Vidarbha. I would myself appear in the form of a swan and help both of you to
unite. After enjoying all the pleasures of this world both of you would attain
to may abode.
After saying thus, lord Shiva established himself as immovable Shivalinga, which
later on became famous as Achaleshwar linga.
INCARNATION AS 'KRISHNA DARSHAN'
King Nabhag was born in the nineth geneology of
Shraddhdeva who himself was a descendant of Ikshavaku. Nabhag was the
grandfather of Ambareesh. During his childhood Nabhag left his home for 'gurukula
to get education. In his absence his brothers got the wealth of the kingdom
distributed among themselves.
When Nabhag returned home after the completion of his education, he demanded his
share of wealth from his brothers. His brothers told him that they had forgotten
to fix his share as he was absent at the time when wealth was being distributed.
They advised him to go and meet their father.
Nabhag went to his father and made the same request. His father advised him to
go to sage Angiras who was trying to accomplish a yagya, but was not being able
to accomplish it because of his attachment.
“Go and try to eliminate his attachment by your discourses. This way sage
Angiras on being pleased with you would give all the wealth which remains after
the completion of the yagya.” Said his father.
Nabhag did the same. He went to the place where sage Angiras was performing his
yagya. He preached sage Angiras on the virtues of Religiousness. As a result he
became free from all sorts of attachments and the yagya was successfully
Sage Angiras was very pleased by Nabhag's knowledge of religion. He gave all the
remaining wealth of the yagya to Nabhag. Just then lord Shiva arrived there in
his incarnation of Krishna darshan and tried to prevent sage Angiras from
donating the wealth to Nabhag, instead he staked his own claim.
Nabhag told lord Shiva that, since the wealth was given to him by sage Angiras
himself, it naturally belonged to him. Lord Shiva then sent Nabhag to his
father-Shraddhdev to know about his opinion. Nabhag went to Shraddh deva who
revealed to him that the person who was staking his claims on the wealth was
none other then lord Shiva. He also told him that whatever remained after the
accomplishment of the yagya belongs to lord Shiva only.
Nabhag was now satisfied. He went back to lord Shiva and narrated everything
what his father had said. He then eulogized and worshipped lord Shiva. Lord
Shiva blessed him which helped Nabhag to attain salvation.
SHIVA APPEARS AS A BEGGAR
There was a king named Satyarath who ruled over
Vidarbha. Once he was attacked by a neighbouring king. Satyarath was killed in
that battle. His wife somehow managed to save her life by hiding in a forest.
The queen was pregnant at that time.
At the shore of a pond she gave birth to a child. She was feeling thirsty, so
she went into the pond to quench her thirst. Unfortunately she was killed by a
crocodile who used to live in that pond.
The hungry child started crying- A beggar woman arrived there with her one year
old child. Though her heart was filled with compassion seeing the hungry child
cry but still she was hesitating to take him in her lap.
Right then lord Shiva appeared as a beggar and advised her to bring up the
orphan child. The beggar woman asked about the origin of the child. Lord Shiva
told her that the father of this child Satyarath in his previous life had left
the pradoshavrata incomplete. He had also ordered his men to severe the head of
his enemy. After this, he had broken his fast in his impure state, without
taking a bath.
As a result, Satyarath met a premature-death in his next life. The mother of
this orphan child too committed a sin by deceitfully getting the co-wife of her
husband killed. As a result she was devoured by a crocodile in her next life.
Describing about the child lord Shiva said-
“This child was brahmin by birth in his previous life, but still he never
engaged himself in any religious or virtuous deeds. So in his next life, though
he was born in a royal family, buts still he remained poor. You must take this
child under your control and after his sacred-thread ceremony gets accomplished,
you must engage him in my (Shiva's) devotion. If you don't obey my command then
it would not be good for the welfare of your own child.”
After saying like this lord Shiva disappeared. The beggar woman took that child
to her house and brought him up with great love and care. When he grew up his
sacred-thread ceremony was performed and then he was initiated into the worship
of lord Shiva.
By the blessing of lord Shiva, Satyarath's son formed a pot full of gold while
he was taking both in a pond. Now the beggar family became very rich. Once again
when he had gone to a forest he met a 'gandharva' princess to whom he ultimately
got married. This way he became a king. He lived happily with his mother and his
SHIVA APPEARS IN THE GUISE OF INDRA (SURESHWAR)
Upamanyu –the son of sage Vyaghrapaad, was
brought up in his maternal uncle's home since his childhood. One day Upanyu was
very hungry. His mother gave him milk to drink which was not enough to satisfy
his hunger. He demanded more and started crying. His mother mined some wheat
flour in the water and gave him to drink as there was no milk left in the house.
Upamanyu finding the taste different told his mother that it was not milk but
something else. He again started crying.
His mother told him that if he wanted milk then he should worship lord Shiva as
he only was capable of making the milk available. Upamanyu proceeded towards the
Himalaya and started doing penance to please lord Shiva- continuously chanting
the mantra Om Namah Shivay. His penance generated so much of heat that all the
three worlds started burning.
To test his devotion, Lord Shiva and goddess Parvati appeared before him
disguised as Indra and Indrani respectively. Both of them told Upamanyu to stop
doing penance. They said-
“We Indra and Indrani are extremely pleased by your devotion. Stop worshipping
Shiva. We will fulfill all your desires.”
Lord Shiva and goddess Parvati did not stop at this. They even cursed Shiva.
Upamanyu became very furious and got up to attack the abuser – Indra.
Shiva and Parvati were satisfied by his total dedication and devotion. They
revealed their real identity and blessed him. Shiva promised Upamanyu that he
would be present in the vicinity of his hermitage along with Parvati forever.
Upamanyu returned back to his home and narrated the whole story to his mother
who was very pleased. Lord Shiva got the name 'Sureshwar' because he appeared in
the guise of Indra.
VYAS ADVISES THE PANDAVAS TO WORSHIP SHIVA
After loosing their whole kingdom to Duryodhan
in the gamble, Pandavas went to the dwait forest accompanied by Draupadi. They
started living in a place which was donated by Velotra Sun.
Duryodhan instigated sage Durvasa to torment the Pandavas. Sage Durvasa went to
the place where Pandavas were staying, accompanied by thousands of his
disciples. He demanded food from the Pandavas. How could have the Pandavas
satiated from the hunger of thousands of people. Lord Krishna came to their
rescue and saved them from being disagraced. As a result Durvasa and his
disciples went back satisfied.
Lord Krishna advised the Pandavas to worship lord Shiva, but they neglected that
advice. As a result their sufferings increased in magnitude. One day sage Vyas
arrived there. The Pandavas gave a rousing reception. Considering Arjuna to be
the most capable among the Pandavas, Vyas taught him the method of doing 'Parthiva'
worship. Later on Arjuna went to the Indrakeel mountain to please Indra by his
penance. Sage Vyas preached Yudhisthir to remain firm on his virtuously and
religiousness. INDRA APPEARS BEFORE
Arjuna's penance generated so much of heat that all the living creature of the
three worlds were unable to bear its scorching heat. All the living creatures of
the three worlds went to Indra to seek his help.
Indra went to Arjuna in the guise of a celibate and asked about the purpose for
which he was doing penance. Arjuna told him that he wanted to defeat the
Kauravas. Indra then told Arjuna that it was not in his capacity to help him
achieve victory over the Kauravas, because of Aswatthama who was a partial
incarnation of lord Shiva.
Indra advised Arjuna to please lord Shiva by his penance so that his wishes
could be fulfilled. Indra then entrusted some of his men, the job of Arjuna's
security and went back to his abode. Arjuna commenced his penance to please lord
SHIVA APPEARS IN THE GUISE OF 'KIRAT'
Arjuna did a tremendous penance by standing
only on one leg and concentrating his gaze upon the blazing sun,. The deities
became very impressed by Arjuna's penance. They went to lord Shiva and requested
him to bless Arjuna. Lord Shiva accepted their request.
Duryodhan had sent a demon named Mooka to kill Arjuna. Mooka had disguised
himself as a boar. Arjuna was engrossed in his meditation, when suddenly his
concentration got disturbed by a loud noise. He opened his eyes and saw Mooka
being chased by a band of Kirats. In fact it was none other than Shiva who had
appeared in the guise of Kirat.
Both Arjuna and Lord Shiva struck the boar with their respective arrows at the
same time. As a result the boar was killed.
Lord Shiva sent his ganas to bring back the
arrow. Similarly Arjuna too went near the dead boar to bring his arrow. Arjuna
found his arrow lying on the ground. He picked it up in his hand. Right then the
ganas arrived there and asked Arjuna to return that arrow as it belonged to
their master (Shiva). But Arjuna refused to part with his arrow. Instead he
asked the ganas, to convey his challenge to their master to have a dual with
The ganas went back to lord Shiva and narrated the whole story to him. Lord
Shiva accepted Arjuna's challenge and went to fight him. His ganas accompanied
him. Arjuna defeated all the ganas of Shiva. In the end Lord Shiva came forward
to have a dual fight with him. Shiva was very much impressed by his valour. He
revealed his real identity. Arjuna was very ashamed that he fought with Shiva.
Lord Shiva consoled him and gave his weapon Pashupat to Arjuna.
Describing about the twelve Jyotirlingas, Sutji told the sages:- "There are twelve Jyotirlingas which
are as Follows : 1) Somnath in Saurashtra, 2)
Mallikarjuna in SriShail, 3) Mahakal in Ujjain, 4) Amareshwar in Omkar, 5) Kedar
in the Himalaya, 6) Bheemashankar at the bank of Bheema river. 7) Vishwanath in
Varanasi. 8) Trayambakeshwar ar the bank of Gautami river, 9) Baidyanath at
Chitabhumi, 10) Nagesh which is situated between Darukvan dwarika and Bhet
dwarika 11) Rameshwar at Betubandh and 12) Dhushmesh in Shivalaya.
These above mentioned twelve Jyotirlingas are considered to the very sacred. A
devotee who pays a visit to any of these places and worship, gets all of his
Out of these twelve Jyotirlingas, Somnath Jyotirlinga is belived to destroy the
sorrows of Moon. A devotee who worships this Jyotirlinga gets cured from
incurable diseases like leprosy etc. enjoys all kinds of worldly pleasures and
Similarly having a darshan of Mallikarjuna helps a devotee to fulfill all of his
Having a darshan of Mahakaal at Ujjain helps a devotee to fulfill all kinds of
desire and achieve salvation.
Similarly if a devotee merely touches the idol of Omkar linga then he achieves
the desired fruits.
Kedarlinga is situated in the Himalayas and is considered to be very sacred.
Lord Shiva took his sixth incarnation as Bheema Shankar to kill the demon Bheema.
This incarnation of Shiva tool place at a place called Kamarupa in Assam.
The seventh incarnation of lord Shiva was as Vishwanath at Kashi. This
Jyotirlinga is considered to be very sacred and fulfiller of all the desires of
Lord Shiva took his eighth incarnation at the bank of river Gautami at the
request of sage Gautam. This Jyotirlinga too is considered to be very sacred and
a fulfiller of all the desires of a man.
The ninth incarnation of Shiva was as Baidyanath at Deoghar in Bihar. This
Jyotirlinga was established by the demon King Ravana. A devotee who worships
this Jyotirlinga gets all of his wishes fulfilled. Because of this, it ia also
known as Kamanalinga. Devotees carry the holy water of the Ganges from
Sultanganj and both the idol of Baidyanath in the months of Shravan and
Bhadrapaksha according to the Hindu calendar.
Lord Shiva took his tenth incarnation to kill the demon Daruk who used to live
in Daruk forest. A devotee who worships Nagesh, never faces any calamity. The
eleventh incarnation of lord Shiva was as Rameshwar linga, this linga was
established by Sri Ram while the construction of a bridge over the sea was going
on. Having a darshan of this Jyotirlinga bestowes both worldly pleasures and
Lord Shiva took his twelfth incarnation as Dhumeshwar after being pleased by
Dhushma - the wife of Sumedha. Having a darshan of this Jyotirlinga helps a
devotee to fulfill all of his desires.
All the above mentioned twelve Jyotirlingas are very sacred and give total
accomplishment to the devotees.