BAHURUPA VAISHWAKARMANAHA ||
or workers are under authorities to do different types of jobs.
A person, who is an all rounder and is blessed with talent to do different types of work, becomes famous because of his deeds and many people work under him and seek his valuable guidance. That is why we should perform such deeds so that we become successful in all our endeavors.
It is the responsibility of the guide or leader to engage in activities that lead to the welfare of society.
VACHE KRUNCHAHA |
speech of a crane.
Every person should have the gift of speech so that they can express their thoughts accordingly. One should know how to gauge a situation well and then speak; otherwise it could lead to animosity and embarrassing situations.
A person who learns to express the maximum in minimum words is the person who shall definitely attain success on the basis of his eloquent speech.
ISHTAM VEETAMBHIRGUTA VARSHATKRITAM TAM DEVASAHA PRATI GRIBHNANTYASHWAM |
call that person their leader who is radiant, loved by all, hard working and
A person with only the above qualities can be accepted as the leader. That is why we should all strive to improve our skills.
SAKAMAM ADHWANASKURU SANGYANAMASTU ME AMUNA |
You accept all
these paths according to your desires, may I attain knowledge by strength and
One should realise one's potentials and capabilities before treading on the path of either a desired goal, so that it may be easier to attain eternal truth or knowledge of the self.
DHIYA VIPRO AJAYAT |
A thinker is
gifted with a unique intellect.
A person who is contemplative and intelligent achieves all what he desires. All people listen, but few of them contemplate. That is why we should all make an effort and contemplate.
URDHVA ASYA SAMIDHO BHAVANTYURDHWA SHUKRA SHOCHINSHYAGNEHE DIUMATTAMA
SUPRATIKASYA SUNOHO |
The flames of fire in an altar rise up into the sky and the rays of light also move upwards. We learn that flames from the sacrificial altar and the rays of light emerging from it rise upwards. This means that the radiance of knowledge always helps a person to attain a high position and be successful in all pursuits.
EMAM YAGYAMAVATAMDHWARAM NA |
peaceful and non-violent religious sacrifice be protected in a righteous manner.
Just in the same way as a yagya needs fire and air to be accomplished, every person should engage in constructive work so that he accomplishes the work properly.
YUTHAM PATA SWASTIBHIHI SADA NAHA |
O Sages! May
your desire to do welfare of all always protect us.
Scholars always desire the well being of one and all in the same way as fire and air add to the Yagya. The air protects fire by constantly airing it and keeping it alive. The scholars give guidance to the weak and people who have gone astray so that they fulfill all their desires by always treading on the path of righteousness.
PAHI CHATASRIBHIRVASO |
O Agni! Protect
us with the four types of knowledge i.e. Rik, Yaju, Sama and Atharva.
The word "Vedas' means knowledge which is classified into four types. The characteristics of Rik are - welfare, attainment of the supreme soul, experiencing the beatitude of God, internal happiness, piousness, adhering to one's duties, love, penance, pity, altruism, benevolence and service etc. The characteristics of Yaju are valour, attainment, courage, protection, leadership, success, prestige and victory etc. The characteristics of Sama are, performing arts, play, happiness, entertainment, literature, music, art, sensual pleasure, progress and contemplation. The characteristics of Atharva are, luxury and wealth, accumulation of things, aids of consumerism and accessories for household usage.
The four Vedas resemble Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha, which help in our welfare. We can attain all these four states with knowledge.
DEVISTISRASTITSRO DEVIHI PATIMINORAM VARDHANAYAN |
Goddesses help the protector Indra.
Bharati protects the Dyuloka. The companion of RudraGana Saraswati protects the Yagya and Ida protects the Bhuloka and helps the performer of the yagya in his work.
When the performer accomplishes the Yagya, he gets the desired results and benefits from it. The three Goddesses definitely help that person who strive selflessly on the path of Karma (actions)
KETUM KRINAVANNA KETAVE DESHOMARYA APESHASE | SAMUSHABH DIRAJAYATHA HA ||
O Agni! Bless
the ignorant with knowledge and bless the ugly or the not so beautiful with
beauty. You are the one who rises like the mornings and exhibit yourself in
totality. Knowledge destroys ignorance and inspires us to do great and noble
deeds. When a Karmayogi moves on the path of karma and attains the desired
goals, he experiences divine happiness and comes nearer to God. That is why one
should start one's work early in the morning so that he progresses and moves on
the path of success.
RATHE TISHTHAN NAYATI VAJINAHA PURO YATRA YATRA KAMAYATE SUPARITHANA |
ABHISHUNAM MAHIMANAM PANAYATA MANAHA PASHCHADANU YACHCHANTI RASHMAYAHA |
can direct the horses of the chariot anywhere he pleases; learn the importance
of the 'reins' that control the mind which can sometimes be an uncontrollable
To attain one's goal one can control the mind, which is fickle by the reins of purushartha (4 attainments). One should strive incessantly to control the mind.
VISHWANI DEVA SAVITARDURITANI PARASUVA | YUDBHADRAM TANNA ASUNA ||
O Lord! Destroy
all that is evil and bring near us all that is good.
We should always be ready to accept good and abstain from all that is bad. We should strictly abhor bad thoughts, habits and deeds, and prefer good thoughts habits and deeds. This is the best path to purification. Purification leads to self-development and consequently success.
BRAHMANE BRAHMANAM,KSHATRAYA RAJANYAM|
The person who
is desirous of knowledge should go to a scholar and the person desirous of
valiance should go to a Kshatriya.
Only by coming in the tutelage of the learned man can one acquire knowledge, and people desirous of becoming courageous should seek the tutelage of a Kshatriya. One should imbibe the best qualities by seeking the studentship of such great men.
TAPASE KAULALAM ||
should always practice penance.
Penance basically includes following a set of rules, self –study, concentration, altruism, contemplation, worship, giving sermons, inspiration to engage in good deeds and oneness in speech and action.
Those people who are born in the noble clan are incessantly engaged in wrong deeds. People born in noble clans should engage in good deeds and activities.
RITAYE STENAHRIDAYAM |
The best way to
fight the enemy's army is to accompany such a person who keeps his thoughts
concealed as a robber.
During war, one should refrain from acting independently. All decisions should be taken in total secrecy. The person who conceals all his thoughts and does not exhibit them, either through speech or through actions, is known as Sten-Hridya (One whose heart is alike a robber's heart)
YAMAYA YAMSOOM |
To know the
rules and self-rules one ought to seek the guidance of the scholars.
One should properly adhere to the constitution of the country. The lawmakers analyse the laws neutrally for the well being of the country.
PRATISHRUTKAYA ARTANAM |
sagacious to take the oath. He is known as an 'Atena' who criticizes the bad and
praises the good and noble. An 'Atena' is straightforward and he is devoid of
wickedness. One should therefore support the good, be away from bias and always
strive for the well being of one and all. If you do so, you shall fulfill all
your desires and succeed in all endeavors.
VEDAAHAM ETAM PURUSHAM MAHAANTAM AADITYA VARNA TAMASAH PARASTAAT |
TAMEVA VIDITVAATI MRITYUM ETI NAANYAH PANTHAA VIDYATE AYANAAYA |
I can see the
‘Mahapurush’ (the supreme almighty) as clearly as the sun beyond the realm
of darkness. Knowing 'Him' liberates one from death. There is no other way to
It is only the light of knowledge that can conquer darkness. The person who knows the ultimate truth does not fear death. Unconditional surrender at the feet of God is the easiest way to escape death.
RUCHAM BRAAHMAM JANAYANTO DEVAA AGRE TADBUVAN |
YASTVAIVAM BRAAHMANO VIDYATRASYA DEVAA ASAN VASHE |
Gods, with the realisation of 'Brahm-gyan', have proclaimed unambiguously that
one who endeavours to realise this ultimate knowledge has all his senses under
control. Deities pleased with such a man fulfill all his wishes.
With the help of knowledge, a man can successfully break the bonds of 'Panch- prapanch'-Kaam, Krodh, Lobh, Mada, and Moha and realise God. With the accomplishment of this most difficult task, he not only develops control over his senses but also over all the deities because they dwell within our body. When senses are under control they become pleased and fulfill the wishes of such a man.
HIRANYA GARBHA ISTYESH MAA MAA HINSI DITYESHAAM YASMAANNA JAATA ITYESHAH |
One who is
eulogised with the incantation "HIRANYA
GARBHAH MAA MAA HINSEET VA YASMAMAANNA JATAH "
God is omnipresent and formless. The world functions in an orderly manner because of God's grace. He cannot be realised just by worshipping idols for He is formless. The idol can be a medium to experience divinity but to consider it as God will be a grave mistake. One should therefore learn to experience the beatitude of God through meditation and not by futile efforts like idol worship.
PARITYA BHUTAANI PARITYA LOKAN PARITYA SARVAAH PRADISHO DISHASHCHA |
PRITHIVI SADYA ITYAA PARILOKAANAH PARIDISHAH PARISHWAH ||
The first part
of both these mantras mean the same. We should try to enhance our knowledge and
make its reach as wide as possible. We should try to know the world, all the
directions and sub-directions, as they really are.
The knowledge of the material world is 'Avidya' while the knowledge of the self is 'vidya'. We should try to have knowledge of both. 'Nature' or 'Prakriti' will always remain a mystery to us unless we understand the fundamental elements constituting it. Nature functions on a definite law, which is controlled by the supreme Almighty, who cannot be realized without 'Atma gyan'. This law is universally applicable and is the same everywhere. The proper understanding of the Law of nature helps us to experience the existence of the 'Supreme soul’ (God).
YAAM MEDHAAM DEVA GANAAH PITARASHCHA UPAASATE |
TATHAA MAAMADDYA MEDHAYAAGNE MEDHAA NIVANAM KURU SWAHA |
Creator! Enlighten me with that divine intelligence which has always been
praised by the scholars and protectors. I surrender myself to your feet!
This richa glorifies the virtues of virtuous intelligence and total surrender to God.
IDAM MEIN BRAHM CHA KSHATRAM CHOBHE SHRIYAMSHNUTAAM |
May the radiance of my knowledge (GyanTej) and valiance (Kshatra Tej) increase. One should try to imbibe all kinds of knowledge and tread on the path of truth. May the Brahmins and the Kshatriyas flourish together. This can be possible only if there is no animosity between them. Both of these castes should endeavour to propagate that knowledge which increases radiance, enthusiasm, zeal and strength in society. If the individual progresses then society automatically does the same.
AGNE SHARDHA MAHATE SAUBHAGAAYA TAV DYUMNAANYA UTTAMAANI SANTU |
SAM JAASPATYAM SUYAMAMAA KRINUPVA SHATRUYATAAMABHI TISHTHAA MAHAANSI ||
O Agni | Bless
us with strength so that we may acquire all the riches and comforts of the
world. Bless us so that we may we attain fame! May the relation of the husband
and wife be amicable and free from any kind of bitterness.
We should always engage in such activities that help us to acquire wealth and prosperity and achieve fame on account of our noble deeds. Happiness will always elude married life if relations are not cordial between husband and wife. Husband and wife are like two wheels of a chariot, which cannot move smoothly if there is a lack of mutual understanding and trust.
MAHATTA DWIDRISHNAAKA ASURASYA NAAMAA VISHWARUPI AMRITAA NATASTHAU |
One who is
brave and valiant attains immense fame. As a result he becomes popular and rules
the world by having all the riches under his feet.
One who earns fame on account of his efforts, perseverance and grit, all the comforts of the world becomes accessible to him automatically. Therefore, one should always strive to follow the virtuous path so that growth and self-improvement becomes possible.
MAHAAN INDRO YA OJASAA KADAACHANA STAREER ASI KADAACHANA PRA YUCHCHASI |
majestic Indra never indulge in violence after becoming drunk by his power and
may he always be free from carelessness and negligence.
Everyone should therefore refrain from dereliction of duty and violence. Violence is the mother of sorrows and pains while negligence is the doorway to misfortune.